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Year 1 Language and Literature

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Aesop's Fables

tortoise and the hare

A fable is a special kind of story that teaches a lesson. People have been telling fables for hundreds of years, and it is said that many of these fables were first told by a man named Aesop (EE-sop), who lived in Ancient Greece a very, very long time ago (we'll learn more about Ancient Greece in Year 3!).

Aesop knew bad behaviour when he saw it, and he wanted people to act better. He also knew that we don't like to be told when we're bad. That is why many of his fables have animals in them. The animals sometimes talk and act like people. In fact, the animals behave just as well and just as badly as people do. That's because, even when a fable is about animals, it is really about people. Through these stories about animals, Aesop teaches us how to act better as people.

At the end of the fable, Aesop often tells us a lesson we should learn. The lesson is called the moral of the story.

One well-known fable by Aesop is about the tortoise and the hare. That fable teaches that those who are slow and steady win the race, and that being talented doesn't always mean you'll come out on top. Therefore, hard and steady work is very important!

Read other fables by Aesop called 'The Lion and the Mouse' and 'Wolf in Sheep's Clothing'.



This activity is adapted from page 39 of What Your Year 1 Child Needs to Know, which can be purchased here.

This activity has cross-curricular connections: click below to see the related activity (repeated owls show multiple related activities in that subject).

language and literature owl
language and literature owl