Core Knowledge UK- Year 5 Maps

Year 6 History and Geography

history and geography owl

This information has been adapted from the History and Geography section of the What Your Year 6 Child Needs to Know resource book. To purchase What Your Year 6 Child Needs to Know, visit our shop. Also, sign up for the free Core Knowledge UK newsletter to receive updates about new resources and activities.

UK Geography: Scotland

For hundreds of years, Scotland was an independent country with its own king. Then, in 1603, Queen Elizabeth I of England died without leaving any heirs to the throne. James VI of Scotland was asked if he would like to be king of England as well, so he became James I of England. Although he was king of both England and Scotland, they were still separate kingdoms. Then, in 1707, the Act of Union was passed, joining Scotland and England together to make the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Scotland is now one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom and like Wales, it has had some powers devolved to it by the British Parliament in Westminster. Since 1999, people in Scotland have been able to vote for Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) to represent them in Edinburgh and pass laws on some things related to their own country.

Scotland lies in the northern part of the British Isles. It has a border with England to the south, the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the North and the Irish Sea to the south-west. As well as the mainland, Scotland has nearly 800 islands.

Can you see John O’ Groats, at the very northern tip of Scotland on the map below? Because it is so far north, it has become popular with people who do sponsored walks and cycle rides for charity. They often start or finish at Land’s End on the very south-western tip of England, so the expression ‘from John O’ Groats to Land’s End’ has come to mean ‘from one end of the country to the other’.


Read more about Scotland on pages 79 - 86 of What Your Year 6 Child Needs to Know, which can be purchased here.