Core Knowledge UK- Year 5 Maps

Year 6 History and Geography

history and geography owl

This information has been adapted from the History and Geography section of the What Your Year 6 Child Needs to Know resource book. To purchase What Your Year 6 Child Needs to Know, visit our shop. Also, sign up for the free Core Knowledge UK newsletter to receive updates about new resources and activities.

UK Geography: Wales

Wales is bordered to the east by England; its other borders are all with stretches of water - the Irish Sea, the Celtic Sea and the Bristol Channel.

When the Romans left Britain in the fifth century, Wales was an independent kingdom until it was conquered by Edward I. Apart from a short time of independence in the fifteenth century, Wales has been ruled by the English monarch ever since. Edward I built a series of castles around Wales to make sure that the Welsh did not rebel against English rule. One of the largest of these was Caernarfon Castle, where Edward’s son was born. He was also called Edward and succeeded his father as Edward II.

When he was a teenager, Edward II was given the title ‘Prince of Wales’ by his father, to create a link between the Welsh and the English people. Ever since then, the oldest son of the monarch has held the title of Prince of Wales. Prince Charles, the present Prince of Wales, was invested (meaning he was presented with the official title) at Caernarfon Castle in 1969.

Wales is one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom. The other three are Scotland, England and Northern Ireland. As part of the United Kingdom, Wales is governed by laws passed by the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, but Parliament has devolved, or transferred, certain powers to the Welsh Assembly in Cardiff. This means that Welsh people can vote for people to represent them in the Assembly where they make their own decisions about some things.


Read more about Wales on pages 75 - 79 of What Your Year 6 Child Needs to Know, which can be purchased here.